Hair Split Ends

HOW DO THEY OCCUR AND WHAT YOU CAN DO TO MEND SPLIT ENDS

Split ends actually have a medical term . . .
Trichoptilosis is the “splitting of hairs at the ends,” according to Dorland’s Pocket Medical Dictionary, 21st edition, 1968. Often referred to as “split ends.” Comes from the Greek root “tricho” meaning hair and “ptilosis” meaning “falling out of the eyelashes.”

Split ends occur because of damage to the hair fiber.  The hair fiber has an outer layer, the cuticle, which resembles tiles on a roof.  When the hair is healthy, the cuticles all lie flat and reflect light giving the hair a shiny appearance.  When the cuticles are damaged, they crack, lift and are eventually removed.  When the cuticles are damaged or removed the hair does not reflect light and looks dull (and damaged).  The outer cuticle ‘dead’ layer also protects the inside of the hair shaft, the cortex.  The cortex is comprised of coiled proteins which unravel and split when the protective cuticle layer is damaged or missing.  These primary splits further split into secondary and tertiary splits.  A primary split end can be several centimeters in length.  The whitish look to the end of the split end is created when the damaged hair fiber tends to form a bulb.  This is most noticeable in darker hair types and more pronounced in straighter styles.

Daily styling is a major contributor to hair damage.  The repeated use of heat styling implements such as curling irons, straightening irons, blow dryers, hot rollers etc. will damage hair.  Harsh grooming techniques (tugging and combing wet hair, using improper brush/combs and techniques like back combing, not detangling from bottom up etc) will accelerate the problem.

The use of harsh products (stripping shampoos) or excessive use of styling aids (gels, mousses, hairsprays,  waxes) can contribute to damage by drying hair out, making it brittle and subject to further mechanical damage.  Even frequency of shampooing can play a role.

Chemical treatments such as coloring, perming and relaxing affect the inner cortex of the hair and that is why these processes are so damaging to hair if not done with care.  Improper application and removal of hair extensions can cause damage as well.

Other factors which are often overlooked are environmental conditions such as heat and air conditioning.  Hair can become full of static and very dry.  Natural exposure to heat, cold, wind and the UV rays of the sun can also cause damage.

Damage to hair fibers and split end are inevitable but one can practice proper care and maintenance to keep hair looking healthier longer.

CALL US AT 847-918-1774 AND WE WILL RECOMMEND THE RIGHT CHOICE OF PRODUCTS FOR YOUR HAIR.

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